Brahma Temple also called as Jagatpita is situated near holy Pushkar Lake of Pushkar town, Ajmer district of Rajasthan.Brahma temple is believed to be built in the 14th century and said to be in existence for about 2000 years.
Brahma temple is one among the very few existing temple of Lord Brahma in India and considered the most eminent among them.The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Brahma, the god of creation, seated in a cross legged posture signifying the creation of the Universe.
The idol of Lord Brahma was said to have installed in 718 ADby Adi Shankara, a philosopher and theologian from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta (an ancient Hindu tradition of scriptural exegesis and religious practices).
The deity of Lord Brahma is called as Chaumurti, four-faced idol, which is a life size deity with four heads, four hands, each aligned in a cardinal direction.
The four hands of Lord Brahma holds Akshamala (rosary), the Pustaka (book), the Kurka (kusha grass) and the Kamandalu (water pot).
The idol of Goddess Savitri, the first consort of Lord Brahma is placed to His right and Goddess Gayatri, the second consort of Lord Brahma is placed on His left. And various other deities are also found along them.
The other images present in the temple are the images of Lord Vishnu, Peacock, the mount of Goddess Savitri, Dwarapalas (gatekeepers), Garuda god, the mount of Lord Vishnu.
The mythology relates Padma Purana, the texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories. And according to the Purana, this is the place where Lord Brahma killed the demon Vajranabha using His weapon, the lotus flower. While slaying the demon, the petals of the lotus flower fell on the earth at three places, forming three sacred lakes of Pushkar. Pushkar signifies the petals fell from the hands of Lord Brahma (‘Push’ refers to lotus and ‘kar’ refers to hand in Sanskrit language).
The three sacred lakes are:
- Pushkar Lake or Jyeshta Pushkar (the first important Pushkar)
- Madya Pushkar (the middle Pushkar)
- Kanishta Pushkar (the last and youngest Pushkar)
Lord Brahma decided to move down to earth to perform holy Yajna (sacrifice) at Jyeshta Pushkar, the first and important Pushkar, accompanied by Lord Vishnu, Lord Indra and other deities. To be safe from the demons and to perform the yajna successfully, Lord Brahma created hills around the Pushkar.
The sacred hills created by Lord Brahma around the Pushkar are:
- Ratnagiri hill in the south
- Nilgiri hill in the north
- Sanchoora hill in the west
- Suryagiri hill in the east
However, at the time of the final offering, Goddess Savitri, the wife of Lord Brahma, could not be able to reach the place to perform the requisite part of the yajna. Annoyed by Her delay, Lord Brahma married a Gurjar girl named Gayatri, whobelongs to a pastoral agricultural ethnic group.
When Goddess Savitri arrived at the place, She found Gayatri as the consort of Lord Brahma doing all Her rites. She then cursed Lord Brahma that He would never be worshiped by anyone but finally spared permitting that He would be worshiped at Pshkar.
She also cursed Lord Vishnu to be separated from His consort as a human and Lord Indra to be easily defeated in the battles or wars. Agni, the fire god, to swallow anything that comes in and the Brahmin priest, who perform the religious rituals to become poor.
Goddess Gayatri weakened the curse of Goddess Savitri and blessed the place Pushkar to be the king of all the pilgrimages, Lord Indra to retain the heaven, Lord Vishnu to be born as a human named Rama and to finally join His consort, and the priest to become a scholar.
Hence the Pushkar Brahma temple is considered to be the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma.
Goddess Savitri was said to have moved to the Ratnagiri hill and became a part of the hill by emerging as a Savitri Jharna (stream), which is still in existence.
The special feature of the temple is that central Shikara (spire shaped construction) of the temple is found in bright red with the symbol of Hamsa, the swan, the mount of Lord Brahma.
Brahma Temple Pooja Timings
During winter season, the temple remains open from morning 6.30 AM to 1.30 PM and in the evening from 3.00 PM to 8.30 PM.
During summer season, the temple remains open from morning 6.00 AM to 1.30 PM and in the evening from 3.00 PM to 9.00 PM.
Kartik Poornima – October/November and Pushkara Jatra
Location and Transportation
The nearest airport to reach the temple is Sanganer Airport at Jaipur, which is about 146 km.
The nearest railway stations to reach the temple are Pushkar railway station and Ajmer railway station. It is connected to almost all cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad, Indore, Kanpur, Lucknow, Patna, Bhopal, Trivandrum and Cochin.
Pushkar is connected with Ajmer by Pushkar road which goes through Aravalli range. Pushkar is just 11 km from Ajmer.
- Savitri Temple
- Old Rangji Temple
- Varaha Temple
- Pap Mochani Temple
- Aptaeshwar Temple
- Atmeshwar Temple
- Mahadeva Temple
- Raghunath Mandir