Palani Murugan Temple is dedicated to Lord Murugan also called Lord Dhandayuthapani, the younger son of Lord Shiva (Supreme God). Palani Murugan temple is one of the six abodes of Lord Murugan, popularly called as ‘Arupadai Veedu’. Palani Murugan temple is the third temple among the six adobes of Lord Murugan. Lord Murugan is also praised as ‘ The God of Tamil Language’. Lord Murugan signifies ‘Beauty’ and He is considered to be a mute messenger of the great principal“Renounce all to reach me”.
The six sacred temples of Lord Murugan are:-
- Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple
- Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
- Palani Murugan Temple
- Swamimalai Murugan Temple
- Thiruthani MuruganTemple
- Palamuthircholai Murugan Temple
Palani Murugan temple was constructed by the king Cheraman Peruman in the 9th century. According to Tamil literature, the place ‘Palani’ is previously known to be ‘Podhini‘, which later came to be called as Palani. And the location is also called as Vaiyapuri Nadu, as this place was ruled by the King Vaiyapuri Kopperumbaegan.
The history of this temple is that Maharishi Naradar met Lord Shiva in Kailash and presented a fruit, literally called as ‘Gnaana Pazham’ (divine fruit). As Lord Shiva had two sons, Lord Gansha and Lord Murugan, He decided to go through a challenge stating whichever of His two Sons circles the world and reaches first will win the fruit as a gift. Accepting the challenge, Lord Murugan rushed with His Vahan (mount) peacock and started His voyage around the world. On the other hand, Lord Ganesha resolved that the world was His parents Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, and started circumambulating them and won both their heart and the fruit.
End of the History
When Lord Murugan return back after His voyage around the whole world, He was totally disappointed that all His endeavours went in vain. In angry and frustration, Lord Murugan left Kailash, the adobe of Lord Shiva, and stands atop the Palani hill. Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati visited Palani hill to convince Lord Murugan, by saying that, ‘You are Yourself a divine fruit, then why do U need a fruit?’ Since then Lord Murugan was recognized as ‘Pazham nee’ and the place was called as Palani.
Fortes of Palani Temple
The main deity of Palani Murugan temple is ‘Lord Dandayudhapani (Lord Murugan)’, with divine Javelin (spear) in hand. The deit is made of amalgam of Navapashanam (nine poisonous substances) by the saint ‘Siddhar Bhogar’, (also used as a medicine). Navapashanam is related to Siddha Medicine, which is known to be combination of Veeram, Pooram, Rasam, Jathilingam, Kandagam, Gauri Pasanam, Vellai Pasanam, Mridharsingh, and Silasat. The idol is admitted with Two Abishekams (Holy Bath to Deity) for a day, one is Milk Abishekam and the other is Panchamirtha Abishekam. And traditionally ‘Chandhanam’ (sandalwood paste) is applied to the deity prior to the temple being closed everyday. And the paste, upon being allowed to stay overnight, is said to acquire medicinal properties,it would be distributed to devotees, as ‘Rakkaala Chandaṇam’.
The sacred ‘Panchamirtham’ (mixture of five nectar) is traditionally offered as a ‘Prasadham’ to the devotees in this temple. The five sacred nectar are honey, dates, banana, raisins and jiggery. According to the history, panchamirtham is believed to be a divine mixture prepared by Lord Ganesh for His brother Lord Murugan at the end of the divine confront.
The monumental tower of this temple is made of gold with numerous idols which is known as ‘Golden Tower‘.The other important idols placed in the temple are Lord Shiva, Goddess Shakthi, Lord Ganesh, and the idol of Siddhar Bhogar is located inside the Palani Murugan temple.
‘Thai Poosam’ is celebrated in the Tamil month of Thai (January/Febraury). And during this festival, devotees are followed vow of abstinence, come barefoot by walk from various places And the devotees bring a palanquin made by wood,called as ‘Kaavadi’, borne on their shoulders.
The other festivals are:
Panguni Uthiram – March
Chitra Pournnami – April to May
Agni Natchathiram – April
Vaikasi Visakam – May to June
Aani Annabhishekam – June to July
Aadi Festival – July to August
Aadi Amavasai – July to August
Aadi Laksharchana – July to August
Kandha Sashti – October to November
Thiru karthigai – November to December
Margazhi Pooja – December to January
Vizhapuja Pooja – 06:45 am
Kalasandhi Pooja – 08:00 am
Sirukala Sandhi Pooja – 09:00 am
Uchikkalam Pooja – 12:00 Mid-day
Sayaraksha Pooja – 05:30 pm
Rakkalam Pooja – 08:00 pm
Golden car Darshan – 6.30 pm
Palani is reached by just 3 hours’ drive from any of the nearest airports Coimbatore, Madurai and Trichy.
Trains to Palani are available from Coimbatore, Palakkad and Dindigul.
The Murugan Temple is about 2 km from the railway station.
The state transport corporation and a lot of private buses are available from Palani to major cities in Tamil Nadu like Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tuticorin and etc.