Panchavarnaswamy Temple also called as Tirumukeechwaram or Kozhi, situated in Uraiyur town, Tiruchirapalli district of Tamil Nadu.
Panchavarnaswamy Temple is glorified in epic Tevaram and revered as one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam, temples that are revered in the verses of SaivaNayanars in the 6th-9th century CE and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent.
Panchavarnaswamy temple has a five-tiered Rajagopuram (gateway tower) and the temple is built in a Dravidian style of architecture and the temple has three Prakarams (precincts).
The legend says that Lord Shiva was said to have appeared before sage Udanga in five different colors in five parts of the day. And hence the Lord here is named as Panchavarnaswamy.
The name of the presiding deity was believed to be derived from the Tamil word Panchavarnam, which means ‘five colors’.
The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Panchavarnaswamy(Lord Shiva), who is found in a form of a Lingam, which is made of granite. And the deity faces towards the east.
And it was said that Nagaraja, the serpent king, was believed to have carried the five different images of Lingams, finally which got merged into a single Lingam, which signifies the presiding deity Lord Panchavarnaswamy of this temple.
The other deities of the temple are Lord Ganesha, Lord Murugan, Nandi, the bull mount of Lord Shiva, Navagraha (nine celestial bodies), Lord Dakshinamurthy (Lord Shiva as a Teacher), Goddess Durga, Lord Chandikeswarar.
And it is said that Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu, sage Kathiru, and the wife of sage Kashyapa have worshiped Lord Shiva at this temple.
There are various historical inscriptions found in this temple. Among them, the eight notable inscriptions recorded by Epigraphy (the study and interpretation of ancient inscriptions) of India are 181-188 of 1907.
One of the inscription is dated from Chola period about the Chola king who have presented a village called Atigunakapaganallur for the welfare and maintenance of the temple.
And there is an inscription about historical introduction of the Chola king RajendraChola I, was the son of RajarajaChola I and is considered one of the greatest rulers and military leaders of the Indian Tamil Chola Empire.
- UshathkalaPooja – 5.30 AM
- KalasanthiPooja – 8.00 AM
- UchikalaPooja – 10.00 AM
- SayarakshaiPooja – 5.00 PM
- IrandamkalaPooja – 7.00 PM
- ArdhaJamamPooja – 8.00 PM
- ChitraPoornima – April/May
- VaikasiBrahmotsavam – May/June
- Tirumanjanam – June/July
- AadiPoornima – July/August
- AavaniUtsavam – August/September
- Navarathri – September/October
- AipasiPoornimaAnnabishekam – October/November
- MargazhiTiruvadhirai – December/January
- Thai Poosam – January/February
- MahaShivarathri – February/March
- PanguniUthiram – March/April
- KarthikaiDeepam Festival – November/December
Location and Transportation
Nearest airport to reach Panchavarnaswamy temple is Trichy Airport which is 10 km away from the temple.
Nearest railway station to reach Panchavarnaswamy templeis Trichy Railway Station which is 6 km away.
Tiruchirappalli sits at the confluence of two major National Highways—NH 45 and NH 67. Buses are available to and from major cities to the temple.
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