Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple is located on the boundary of Madurai, an ancient city of Tamilnadu. It is a cave temple which is 1050 feet above sea level made out of rock in a hillock. Thiruparankundram temple is dedicated to the Lord Murugan, who is called by the name ‘Lord Subramanyar’, the God of Tamil Language. As this is a cave temple, Abishekam(Holy Bath for the idol) is performed only to the ‘Vel’(sacred weapon of Lord Murugan). Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple is revered as the first temple among the six adobes (Arupadai Veedu) of Lord Murugan.
The six sacred adobes are:
- Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple
- Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
- Palani Murugan Temple
- Swamimalai Murugan Temple
- Thiruthani MuruganTemple
- Palamuthircholai Murugan Temple
Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple was believed to be built by the king Maravarman Sundara Pandiyan in the 8th century. The celestial marriage of Lord Murugan and Goddess Deivayanai took place at Thiruparankundram. And hence this temple has been considered as the famous adobe of Lord Murugan. The history of this temple is that Lord Murugan was married to Goddess Deivayanai, daughter of ‘Lord Indhran’(King of Heaven) as a reward of gratitude of Lord Muruga’s victory over the Demon king Surapadma. Lord Murugan is said to be walked directly in to this temple after defeating ‘Surapadma’.
Fortes of Thiruparankundram Murugan Temple
The Main Monumental Tower of this temple has 7 tiered structured, towering 150 feet high. The temple premises, contains many sannadhis(sanctums) of various Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The deities found in the temple are Saneeswaran,one of the Navagrahas (Nine Planets), which is placed alone without the other eight Grahas which cannot be found in any other temples.
The main shrine of Lord Murugan is a rockcut sanctum sanctorums, placing the idols of Lord Murugan and Goddess Deivanai with Maharishi Narathar, Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh,Lord Vishnu and Goddess Durga. Thiruparankundram temple is the only temple where Lord Murugan seems in a seated position, whereas in the other five Arupadai Veedu Temples, He will in the standing position.
Thiruparankundram temple is an special temple where Lord Murugan is seen with his consort Goddess Deivayanai only, whereas in all other temples, Lord Murugan is found with both of His consorts Goddess Deivayanai and Goddess Valli. And the temple is appraised as a sacred place for marriages. A uniqueness of this temple is the idol of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu are placed, facing each other.
Panchalingas (Five sacred Lingams) are found in the inspiring wedding manifestation. And peculiarly, Lord Brahma can be worshiped only in this temple. According to the literature, Lord Brahma had a curse, and so people won’t build a temple for Him. And this is the only temple where the Sun god (Lord Surya) and the Moon god (Lord Chandra) can be found at the same place.
Besides the Thiruparankundram temple, there is a Muslim shrine dedicated to Hazrat Sulthan Sikhandar Badusha also known as Alexander the great, whose native is Jeddah came to Thiruparankundram in the 9th century. A legend said that Hazrat Sulthan Sikhandar Badusha was said to be a good friend of Lord Murugan when Lord Murugan was ruling Thiruparankundram.
- Tamil New Year – April month
- Chitra Festival – April
- Vaikasi Visakam – June
- Mottaiarasu vizha – June
- Ani Voonjal -July
- Ani Muppzha Pooja – July
- Adipooram – July to August
- Adikarthigai – July
- Vinayagar Chathurthi – September
- Avani Moolam – September
- Navarathiri – October to November
- Saraswathi poojai – October to November
- Vijayadasami – October to November
- Iyappasi Pooram – October to November
- Sri Skantha sasti – October to November
- Karthigai somavaram – November to December
- Thirukarthigai – November to December
- Marghazhi poojai – December to January
- Arudra Darisanam – December to January
- Vaikunda Ekadasi – December to January
- Theppam Festival – January to February
- Thai Poosam – January to February
- Masi Mahasivarathiri – January to February
- Sri Veyilukanthamman festival – February
- Panguni Peru Vizha – March to April.
- Thiruvananthal Pooja – 5.30 AM
- Vila Pooja – 7.30 AM
- Kaala Shanthi Pooja – 8.00 AM
- Thirukaala Shanthi Pooja – 10.30 AM
- Uchi Kaala Pooja – 12.30 PM
- Saayarathcai Pooja – 5.30 PM
- Arthajaama Pooja – 8.45 PM
- Palliarai Pooja – 9.00 PM
Madurai Airport is about 10 kilo meters in the south east direction.
There is a train route from Madurai to Thirupparankundram.
This city is about 8 kilo meters from Madurai railway junction.
The Thirupparankundram Murugan Temple is about 7 Kilo meters from Madurai City on the Madurai to Kanyakumari highways.