Trilinga temples also called as Trilinga Desam, which alludes to “the country of the three ‘Shivalingams“.
The study of myths states that Lord Shiva has been descended as Shivalingam on three sacred mountains. The three sacred mountains are as follows:
- Kaleswaram in Telangana
- Srisailam in Rayalaseema
- Bhimeswaram or Draksharamam in Coastal Andhra
It is believed that in the three hills were the three eyed Ishwara, the supreme god Shiva, was found bearing the trident in His hand and was addressed by a group of divinities resided in the form of three Shivalingams. And hence the three hills and its associated temples are known as Trilinga Kshetras (temples) or Trilinga Desam.
The three holy mountains are marked as Telangana, the boundaries of the entire Telugu country. It is said that in a Telugu canon named Andhra Kaumudi, Sri Andhra Vishnu, a legendary warrior by the name Viṣhṇu who became famous as a very valorous saviour of his small kingdom, and built a massive wall, connecting Srisailam, Bhimeswaram, and Kaleswaram with Mahendra hills.
The mythology also says that Andhra Vishnu was assisted by the divine angels and fought with Nishambhu, the great giant, for thirteen yugas (ages of life of the world) and killed him in battle and took up His residence on the banks of river Godavari along with the sages (saints).
Kaleshwaram Temple also called as Dakshina Gangotri is located at the border of Telangana and Maharashtra on the banks of river Godavari.
The presiding deity of Kaleshwaram temple is Lord Shiva. And the deity is called as Lord Kaleshwara Mukteswara Swamy.
The special feature of this temple is that the two sacred Shivalingams are found on a single pedestal. The two sacred Shivalingams are considered as Lord Shiva and Lord Yama, the god of death.
SrisailamSri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple is located in Srisailam, state of Andhra Pradesh India, dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple houses the main deity Shivalingam. And the Srisailam temple is considered to be one of the 18 Maha Shakti Peethas.
Srisailam Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple is also admired as one of the twelve Jyotrilinga temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Bhimeswaram or Draksharamam
Draksharama Temple is located at the town of Draksharamam which is also known as Dakshina Kasi, East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.
The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Shiva, who is called by the name Lord Bhimeswara Swamy, in the form of sacred Shivalingam.