Agastheeswar Temple is located at the town of Agathiyampalli, Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu.
The temple is respected in epic Tevaram and revered as one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam, temples that are revered in the verses of Saiva Nayanars in the 6th-9th century CE and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent.
The legend says that all Devas (gods), was said to have gathered at mount Kailash to address the sacred marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. As they all gathered at one place, the earth was said to be slanted towards North. And to balance it, Lord Shiva asked sage Agastya, one of the saptarshis who are extolled at many places in the Vedas and a revered Vedic sage, to move the earth to the south. And Lord Shiva was believed to have appeared in His marriage form to sage Agastya at this holy place.
The temple is believed to be built by the Chola Kings and has inscriptions which dates back to the period of Aditya Chola (871–907 CE), Rajaraja Chola I (985–1014 CE), Rajendra Chola I (1012–1044 CE) and Kulothunga Chola I (1070–1120 CE), who have contributed a lot to the temple. And the temple is built in a Dravidian style of architecture, which contains three-tiered Rajagopuram (gateway tower) and three Prakarams (precincts).
The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Agastheeswarar (Lord Shiva), in the form of a sacred lingam. The other deities present in the temple are Lord Ganesha, Lord Murugan, Nandi, the bull mount of Lord Shiva, Navagrahas (nine celestial bodies), Lord Dakshinamurthy, Goddess Durga, and Lord Chandikeswarar etc.
The Theertham (sacred temple tank) of Agastheeswarar temple is called as Agni theertham. The first Prakaram of the temple has an image of sage Agastya.
Among Saiva saints of 6th to 8th century AD, popularly known as the 63 Nayanmars, Appar and Tirugnanasambandar are closely related to this temple. And they mention this place as ‘Tirumaraikadu’.
- Ushathkala Pooja – 5.30 AM
- Kalasanthi Pooja – 8.00 AM
- Uchikala Pooja – 10.00 AM
- Sayarakshai Pooja – 5.00 PM
- Irandamkala Pooja – 7.00 PM
- Ardha Jamam Pooja – 8.00 PM
- Chitra Poornima – April/May
- Vaikasi Brahmotsavam – May/June
- Tirumanjanam – June/July
- Aadi Poornima – July/August
- Aavani Utsavam – August/September
- Navarathri – September/October
- Aipasi Poornima Annabishekam – October/November
- Margazhi Tiruvadhirai – December/January
- Thai Poosam – January/February
- Maha Shivarathri – February/March
- Panguni Uthiram – March/April
- Karthikai Deepam Festival – November/December
Location and Transportation
Nearest airport to reach Agastheeswar temple is Trichy Airport which is 143 km away from the temple.
Nearest railway station to Agastheeswar temple is Sirkazhi Railway Junction.
The buses are operated by Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, connecting the town to Chidambaram, Mayiladuthurai, Karaikkal and other cities in Tamil Nadu.
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- Thirunallar Temple
- Alangudi Temple
- Swami Malai Temple
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- Thirumananjeri Temple
- Punnainallur Mariamman Koil